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Thursday, October 4, 2012

SQL:Finding occurance of chars/words in String

The following is a very simple logic to check the ocuurance of chars/word in a larger string. This thing is particularly important when you want to just check if the string that you are searching for occurs as a sub-string of a value in a larger string which may be a value of a column in a table.

One practicle example would be say for example you want to check if a role is there in a column of user_roles which has a comma separated value of all roles for a particular user, so here you know what you have to look for in a column of all roles.

DECLARE @FindSubString VARCHAR(MAX)SET @LongSentence = 'My Super Long string with long words'SET @FindSubString = 'long'SELECT (LEN(@LongSentence) - LEN(REPLACE(@LongSentence, @FindSubString, ''))) CntReplacedChars,(
LEN(@LongSentence) - LEN(REPLACE(@LongSentence, @FindSubString, '')))/LEN(@FindSubString) CntOccuranceChars

In simple terms all it does is

Length of Long Seq (36) minus Length of Long Sentence with all 'long' replaced with blank (24) = 8 so we have 8 ocurrences of the characters

The above divided by the Length of 'long' will give you the occurrences of the word 'long' in the Long Sentence i.e 2

or 8/4 = 2

**I got the above T-SQL from this source

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